Grammar is the systematic study of a language. Grammar also refers to a set of structural language rules that address syntax (sentence structure), morphology (word structure), and sometimes semantics (word meaning).
Grammar rules and terms are a major component of K-12 English Language Arts (ELA) Common Core and State Standards. Through grammar instruction, students gain the language skills needed to properly express thoughts and ideas. Grammar is particularly important during writing instruction, as students learn how to correctly structure sentences to then form paragraphs.
Parts of speech are groups of words that are categorized based on their function in a sentence.
here are eight parts of speech:
A contraction is a shortened form of two words, often a pronoun and a verb.
Examples of contractions are:
- is not = isn’t
- do not = don’t
- they are = they’re
- we are = we’re
An abbreviation is a shortened version of a word. Usually the abbreviation consists of a letter or group of letters taken from a word or phrase. Titles, months, days, measurements, geographic terms, and other popular words can be abbreviated.
Abbreviation examples include:
- January = Jan.
- Monday = Mon.
- Doctor = Dr.
- Tablespoon = Tbsp.