Consonant Blends

Consonant blends, also referred to as consonant clusters, are a set of two or three consonant letters that when pronounced, retain their sound. Blends are found either at the beginning or end of a word. For example, in the word “break”, the “b” and “r” sounds are pronounced. This constitutes as an initial consonant blend. The cluster “-nk” in “bank” would be a final consonant blend. Engaging consonant blend practice can help students master these clusters!

Consonant Blend Practice

Initial Consonant Blends

Blends are typically taught in groups. Initial blends are categorized into “r”, “l” and “s” blends. In “l” blends, the blend ends in “l”. The letters “bl” in black would be an example. Similarly, the final sound in “r” blends is “r”, such as when “br” and “cr” appear in words like “brown” and “crowd”. Conversely, “s” blends refer to a consonant cluster that begins with “s”, like when “st” and “sn” appear in words like “star” and “snake”.

Initial Consonant Blends Examples

“bl-” blends blend, blue, black, blossom, blur, blind
“br-” blends break, brown, brace, brick, brand, bright
“cr-” blends crown, crow, crab, cream, create, cry
“sn-” blends snake, snack, snow, sneak, snore, snap
“st-” blends star, stamp, stem, story, steak, stop

Final Consonant Blends

Final blends appear at the end of a word and are grouped into “s”, “l” and “n” final blends. The names indicate the beginning letter of the blend. An “s” final consonant blend would be “-st” in “last” or “-sk” in “mask.” The “l” final consonant blend would be “-ld” in “cold”. An example of an “n” final consonant is “-nd” in the word “sand” or “nk” in “skunk.”

Final Consonant Blends Examples

“-st” blends last, first, test, quest, worst, thirst
“-sk” blends mask, task, risk, desk, disk, tusk
“-ld” blends cold, told, fold, mold, gold, sold
“-nd” blends sand, wand, pond, send, tend, find
“-nk” blends skunk, sink, think, thank, tank, dunk

Students, particularly English Language Learners, may find the concept of consonant blends to be difficult. VocabularySpellingCity recognizes possible challenges and provides the supplemental tools needed to achieve phonics mastery. The initial and final consonant blend word lists pair perfectly with over 40 word games for fun phonics practice. Assign Initial Sound Speller with the initial blend word lists so students may identify the parts of the consonant blend. Final Sound Speller can be used with final blend word lists.