Phonics




Phonics is a method of teaching students how to read and write by developing awareness of the relationships between letters and the sounds in words.

Recognizing which letters symbolize the sounds in a word, and using that knowledge to sound out or decode words, improves spelling ability because it emphasizes spelling patterns that become familiar from reading. This skill includes the ability to recognize frequently used but irregularly spelled words. Studies show that half of all English words can be spelled with phonics rules that relate one letter to one sound.

By kindergarten, children understand that there is a connection between letters and the sounds in words. Recognizing and using these letter-sound relationships helps students decode words, and students continue to practice this skill through fifth grade.

View Common Core State Standards Related to PhonicsClose

Common Core State Standards Related to Phonics

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2 (Phonological Awareness)
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.1.2 (Phonological Awareness)
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.1.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.2.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.3.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.4.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.