Phonics




Along with phonemic awareness, phonics is considered to be a foundational literacy skill that is needed in order for students to decode (read) and encode (spell) words.

VocabularySpellingCity has learning activities and games to help students manipulate letters and their corresponding sounds to build words and help students practice phonics skills in engaging ways. Although phonics plays a major role in literacy instruction in the primary grades, increasingly complex phonetic patterns keep phonics instruction relevant throughout elementary school and even into middle school.

In fact, phonics instruction ranges from teaching letter identification, letter-sound relationships, spelling patterns, and high frequency words to complicated vowel patterns and multisyllabic words. Students with strong phonological awareness are better able to understand words and their patterns, and how to apply this knowledge of letters and sounds to decode and encode increasingly complicated words. Read MoreRead Less

In VocabularySpellingCity’s phonics activities, students build phonics skills by listening to and seeing individual phonemes segmented and blended in words, as well as their individual sounds. Students can control this feature by touch or scrolling over segments so they can hear individual sounds of letters or letter patterns within the word. Blending together segments of a word to make up the whole word is a phonics skill that students need to practice and apply to many words often. This allows students to have a better understanding of letter-sound relationships in decoding and spelling patterns.

Building solid phonics skills is essential for students’ future literacy success. Phonics instruction must start in kindergarten, progressing from simple to more complex phonetic patterns. Learners should be given a plethora of strategies to decode words, such as using pictures; sounding the word out; looking for word chunks; and making connections to words they know. Students should be taught to tune into word parts and patterns while simultaneously thinking about the meaning of the words.

English Language Learners (ELLs) and emergent readers benefit from the support of seeing, hearing, and playing with letters and word segments as they learn to speak and read English. Systematic instruction provided by the teacher and VocabularySpellingCity’s Phonics+ and Spelling learning activities are a winning combination for all readers. Giving students more opportunities to play with and manipulate words in a fun and engaging way will deepen their knowledge of how letters and sounds make words.

This Reading Skills Pyramid helps teachers and parents understand the developmental stages of phonics skills that impact reading and spelling.

View Common Core State Standards Related to PhonicsClose

Common Core State Standards Related to Phonics

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.2 (Phonological Awareness)
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.K.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.1.2 (Phonological Awareness)
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.1.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.2.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.3.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.4.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RF.5.3 (Phonics and Word Recognition)
Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

View Words at a GlanceClose

Phonics Short “a” Words: fan, mat, had, tag, flag, had, jam, lab, mask, snap

Phonics Short “e” Words: pet, ten, sled, bed, fell, went, nest, end, stem, help

Phonics Short “i” Words: sick, will, fin, hit, slid, milk, kid, dig, lip, him

Phonics Short “o” Words: job, soft, not, dog, box, spot, rock, cop, got, top

Phonics Short “u” Words: bug, run, club, nut, up, mud, stuff, luck, sun, cup

Phonics Mixed Short-Vowel Words: pack, win, pot, hut, wag, bill, well, dip, jig, fox

Phonics Long “a” Words: race, gave, nail, pay, play, bake, sale, tail, wait, late

Phonics Long “e” Words: weed, me, team, clean, heat, creep, peer, meal, cheese, week

Phonics Long “i” Words: hike, life, five, mice, find, fire, kind, lime, night, right

Phonics Long “o” Words: vote, joke, hope, bone, boat, home, hole, slow, road, soak

Phonics Long “u” Words: juice, cute, unicorn, cube, utensils, rude, June, blue, tube, suit

Phonics Mixed Long Vowel Words: life, soak, cute, tube, sale, me, heat, kind, right, pay

Phonics Consonant Digraph Words: when, shop, such, child, fish, math, whip, that, wish, chick

Phonics Consonant Blend Words: clam, block, crab, tree, slide, snake, frog, glue, star, plane

VocabularySpellingCity has more than 20 games that allow children to manipulate letters, sounds and words.

SillyBulls gives students practice identifying the number of syllables in a word.

Play SillyBulls with a Fry Words list.

Initial Sound Speller allows students to practice recognizing the initial sound in a word.

Play Initial Sound Speller with the Colors list.

FlashCards provides students the opportunity to see and hear each word spelled and then read aloud.

Play FlashCards with a Social Studies list.