Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. Antonyms are introduced in kindergarten standards and lesson plans, when students are expected to be able to demonstrate understanding of common verbs, adjectives and adverbs by relating to their opposites, and see how words contrast in meaning. VocabularySpellingCity helps students recognize these relationships with engaging, interactive learning activities.
In upper elementary grades, antonyms become important as students’ vocabularies increase. From third through fifth grade, students learn to use antonyms and synonyms, words with similar meanings, to help them understand new and less familiar terms. Antonyms and synonyms are not only used to help students understand the meaning of words; they are also used to teach students about shades of meaning and connotations, a skill found in the language standards of middle and high school.
Word study with antonyms begins with simple opposite meanings and progresses to complex word analysis that helps students’ reading comprehension and writing composition.
Common Core State Standards Related to Antonyms
Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms).
Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).
Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.
Word-O-Rama’s game show format asks students to choose correct antonyms, synonyms, definitions and sentences for words on their list.
Try Word-O-Rama with the K-1st Grade Antonyms word list.
Sentence and Paragraph Writing allow teachers to assign writing tasks that can incorporate antonyms and synonyms. Teachers may choose one of the preset directions for Sentence Writing or write their own such as: write an antonym for each word.
Try Sentence Writing with the 2nd-3rd Grade Antonyms word list.