An analogy identifies a similarity between like features of two different things, on which a comparison can be based.
Analogies require students to identify an important relationship in a pair of words. Analogies can be employed at any grade to focus students’ attention on the relationships between words, based on what they already know about the words’ meanings. Word study using analogies can help prepare students for standardized tests, as well as increase vocabulary and reasoning skills.
Analogies for teaching and testing typically are written using special notation with colons. So, the analogy “in” is to “out” as ”up” is to “___” would be written: in:out::up: ___. The word that completes this analogy is “down.”
Common Core State Standards Related to Analogies
Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).
Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.
Middle School Analogies: gigantic, anxious, blustery, thermometer, chameleon, barren, staff, drizzle, fiction, digestion
High School Analogies: carnivore, abhor, placid, laceration, adulation, hone, democracy, Confederacy, milliliter, philanthropist
VocabularySpellingCity.com provides word lists, printables, and interactive games and activities that give students the opportunity to explore relationships between words to better understand their meaning.
Try WhichWord? Sentences with the Elementary School Analogies list.