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One way to gain comprehension of a subject is through vocabulary instruction, and the study of fifth grade science is no exception. Students often struggle with the extensive vocabulary recognition needed when studying the 5th grade science curriculum. Students can ease this potential strain through enjoyable yet effective elementary science vocabulary study.

When new science terms are introduced in a science lesson plan, a basic understanding of the definition is vital for students to make further inquiry. Fifth grade students deal with many assignments such as science experiments, science fair projects, and of course science worksheets. Gaining a solid understanding of the corresponding vocabulary will help students advance in their study. VocabularySpellingCity has made the study of elementary science words as fun and painless as possible. The games and activities are not only effective in conveying essential knowledge, but they are entertaining and enjoyable as well. Fifth grade students studying earth science, physical science, or even astronomy can access targeted lists that cover the science concepts in their study.

5th Grade Science Lists

Summary Word Lists

7 lists

Scientific Inquiry

8 lists


7 lists


10 lists


5 lists

Space Science

7 lists

Earth Science

10 lists

Life Science

13 lists

5th Grade Science Summary Lists
Scientific Inquiry
Space Science
Earth Science
Life Science
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Students can play exciting science games, listen to the correct pronunciation and definition of words, and even test their skills and get immediate feedback with online testing. As they prepare to enter middle school, students will enjoy putting aside their fifth grade science glossary to learn science terms in a refreshing and fun way!

Return to Science Vocabulary Overview.

5th Grade Science Vocabulary
Words at a Glance

5th Grade Scientific Inquiry

Descriptors: aesthetic, characteristics, combustibility, ductile, luster, mass, nonrenewable, reactivity, resource, topography, attributes, chemical, conductivity, elliptical, magnetic, malleable, position, renewable, temperature, transparent

Processes: bar graph, classify, constant, hypothesize, infer, line graph, model, pie graph, scientific method, trial, variable, subjectivity, predict, objectivity, measure, investigation, identify, evidence, control, communicate, compare, dependent variable, experiment, gather data, independent variable, inference, make conclusions, observation, record data, theory

Tools: absolute magnitude, boiling point, distance, gram, kilogram, liter, meter, microscope, space probe, wave length, weigh, telescope, milliliter, meterstick, magnitude, lens, joules, estimate, Celsius, apparent magnitude, barometric pressure, centimeter, graduated cylinder, hand lens, light year, melting point, metric system, senses, thermometer, weight

5th Grade Matter

The Changes in Matter: change of state, chemical change, condensation, cooling, deposition, dissipate, evaporation, fog, steam, physical change, phase changes, boiling, sublimation, freezing, gas, liquid, solid, melting, water vapor

Chemical Properties of Matter: atom, compound, electron, element, neutron, periodic table, reactivity, chemical properties, metals, nonmetals, combustibility, proton, solubility, molecules, particles, solute, solution, solvent, chemical bonds, conservation of matter

Physical Properties of Matter: density, gas, liquid, physical property, solid, states of matter, mixture, weigh, malleable, characteristics, volume, conductivity, conductors, dissolve, insulators, luster, mass, attributes, matter, phases of matter, boiling point, ductile, melting point, temperature

5th Grade Energy

Electricity: electricity, dry cell, battery terminal, electric charge, electromagnet, electron, negative charge, positive charge, circuit, resistor, hydroelectric energy, electric current, static electricity, electric force, filament, insulator, parallel circuit, series circuit, short circuit

Energy Resources: hydroelectric energy, solar energy, tidal energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, resource, reusable resource, radiation, biomass, fossil fuels, natural gas, nonrenewable resource, recycling, renewable resource

Energy Types: compression, convection, energy, energy transfer, magnetism, radiation, thermal energy, tidal energy, transformation of energy, chemical energy, electricity, kinetic energy, law of conservation of energy, mechanical energy, nuclear energy, potential energy, solar energy, sound energy, wind energy, conduction

Heat Energy: radiation, solar energy, waves, reflection, wave length, geothermal energy, conduction, convection, thermal energy

Light Energy: radiation, solar energy, waves, light energy, light year, wave length, reflection, ultraviolet light, convex, concave, lens, opaque, refraction, transparent

Sound Energy: waves, wave length, sound energy, frequency, pitch, sound wave, vibrations, volume

5th Grade Motion

Force: acceleration, balanced forces, deceleration, force, friction, gravity, joules, magnetism, motion, poles, velocity, speed, reaction force, position, net force, momentum, magnetic field, inertia, gravitation, frame of reference, resistance, repulsion, unbalanced forces, conservation of momentum, effort, action force, work, power, watts, energy

Simple Machines: fulcrum, inclined plane, power, pulley, simple machines, wedge, weight, motion, screw, wheel and axle, class one fulcrum, class three fulcrum, compound machines, lever, machine, work, force, load, pivot

5th Grade Space Science

The Earth in Space: cycle, gravity, moon, orbit, rotate, satellite, solar eclipse, space shuttle, axis, solstice, earth, lunar eclipse, moon phases, planet, revolve, seasons, solar system, telescope, north pole, south pole

The Planets: Earth, Jupiter, Mercury, moon, Neptune, planet, Saturn, Uranus, Venus, axis, barometic pressure, ellipse, elliptical, gravitation, lithosphere, model, orbit, revolution, Mars

The Sun & Other Stars: star, constellation, eclipse, light year, magnitude, main sequence, nebula, prominence, protostar, radiation zone, absolute magnitude, apparent magnitude, convection zone, corona, photosphere, solar flare, solar wind, sun, sunspot, gas

The Universe: asteroid, astronomy, galaxy, Milky Way Galaxy, space probe, model, comet

5th Grade Earth Science

Earthquakes: earthquake, fault, subduction zone, plate, continental crust, oceanic crust, epicenter

Formation Processes: sediment, freeze, deposition, erosion, weathering, gravity, heat, ice wedging, thermal energy, wind energy

History of the Earth: continent, fault, crust, earthquake, fossil, glaciers, Big Bang Theory, continental drift, prehistoric, continental shelf, heat, plate tectonics, pangea, epicenter, model, plate, mass movement, core, volcano, magnetic field

Inside the Earth: thermal energy, metamorphic, core, igneous rock, magma, mantle, crust, magnetic field

Landforms & Mapping: delta, glaciers, landforms, model, topography, volcano, latitude, longitude, equator

Processes: air pressure, condensation, fossil fuels, heat, microclimate, nitrogen cycle, water vapor, stratosphere, tidal energy, troposphere, atmosphere, global warming, humidity, lithosphere, natural gas, nonrenewable resource, renewable resource, tsunami, tornado, wind energy, barometric pressure, evaporation, greenhouse effect, hurricane, mesosphere, natural resource, precipitation, water cycle, reusable resource, thermal energy

Rocks & Minerals: anthracite, luster, metamorphic, igneous rock, sedimentary rock, stalactite, stalagmite

5th Grade Life Science

Cell Biology: cell division, meiosis, mitosis, organ, gene, osmosis, tissue, gamete, cellular respiration

Ecology: carnivore, community, decomposer, energy pyramid, evolution, herbivore, nonrenewable, pollution, renewable resource, symbiosis, biomass, conservation, diffusion, energy transfer, food chain, habitat, parasite, population, producer, resource, biome, commensalism, consumer, ecosystem, environment, greenhouse effect, natural resource, parasitism, predator. reusable resource

Heredity: chromosome, characteristics, inherited trait, gene, dominant trait, recessive trait, genetics, heredity

Plant Functions: chlorophyll, dicots, monocots, photosynthesis, phototropism, vascular, germinate, nonvascular, gravitropism, tropism

Reproduction: asexual reproduction, life cycle, sexual reproduction, fertilization, organism, embryo, meiosis

The Energy Pyramid: producer, decomposer, herbivore, predator, consumer, energy transfer, prey, food chain, carnivore, energy pyramid

The Environment: adaptation, ecology, organism, community, conservation, habitat, niche, biodiversity, biotic, abiotic, diffusion, renewable resource, recycling, evolution, adaptation, ecosystem, nonrenewable, population, pollution, habitat, commensalism, parasitism, symbiosis, natural resource, biome, biodiversity, conservation, greenhouse effect, environment, biomass

The Parts of a Cell: chloroplast, chromosome, cytoplasm, nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, cell, organelle

The Parts of a Plant: phloem, xylem, fibrous root, taproot, pistil, pollen, seedling, stamen, stigma, stomata

For a complete online Science curriculum in First Grade Science, Second Grade Science, Third Grade Science, Fourth Grade Science, Fifth Grade Science, Sixth Grade Science, or Seventh Grade Science visit Time4Learning.com.

Educational Science Games

Here are some fun Science Games from LearningGamesForKids by category: Science Songs, Science Videos, Science Experiment Videos, Space Games, Weather Games, or Science Experiment Games.

For more kindergarten learning resources, kindergarten math vocabulary words, kindergarten homeschool curriculum, free kindergarten vocabulary games, free science games, and a school science curriculum.

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